Dying comfortably in very old age with or without dementia in different care settings – a representative “older old” population study | BMC Geriatrics | published online 5th October 2017
A study from the University of Cambridge in the UK found that elderly people were four times more likely to die comfortably if their last days were spent at home or in a “care home”—defined to be either a residential care home or a nursing home—than if they were in a hospital.
Jane Fleming, a senior research associate at Cambridge, and colleagues, reported in BMC Geriatrics about their retrospective analysis of data from 180 deceased participants, ages 79-107 years. Relatives and caregivers were asked about the patients’ comfort level. The researchers learned only 10% of all participants died without pain or symptoms of distress.
Full document available at BMC Geriatrics
Forbat L, Chapman M, Lovell C, et al. Improving specialist palliative care in residential care for older people: a checklist to guide practice. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care Published Online First: 02 August 2017. doi: 10.1136/bmjspcare-2017-001332
Objectives Palliative care needs rounds are triage meetings that have been introduced in residential care for older adults to help identify and prioritise care for people most at risk for unplanned dying with inadequately controlled symptoms. This study sought to generate an evidence-based checklist in order to support specialist palliative care clinicians integrate care in residential nursing homes for older people.
Methods A grounded theory ethnographic study, involving non-participant observation and qualitative interviews. The study was conducted at four residential facilities for older people in one city. Observations and recordings of 15 meetings were made, and complimented by 13 interviews with staff attending the needs rounds.
Results The palliative care needs round checklist is presented, alongside rich description of how needs rounds are conducted. Extracts from interviews with needs rounds participants illustrate the choice of items within the checklist and their importance in supporting the evolution towards efficient and effective high-quality specialist palliative care input to the care of older people living in residential care.
Conclusions The checklist can be used to support the integration of specialist palliative care into residential care to drive up quality care, provide staff with focused case-based education, maximise planning and reduce symptom burden for people at end of life.